Thursday, March 25, 2010

My Dream places

Hello my friends..
Now I want to know what your dream places??
Hah Africa,Asia,America,korea or what else....I like to go to Rome..
Why Rome??
Uuumm maybe their places,building so interesting to me.
Not only their building but i like to know about the history the places.
Before I show you about Rome.. Let me introduces, Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated municipality (central area), with over 2.7 million residents in 1,285.3 km2 (496.3 sq mi). This is the map of Rome.

The Pantheon

This building is ancient Rome's best preserved monument. The emperor Hadrian reconstructed it around 120 AD when an older temple sitting on the same spot was destroyed by fire. The interior is really striking, with its dome a perfect hemisphere and an oculus which is believed to symbolize the all-seeing eye of heaven. I really liked this building, it has a certain geometrical harmony which reminded me that in architecture sometimes the simplest things achieve the biggest effect. Inside is Raphael's tomb and the tomb of Vittorio Emanuele II, Italy's first king.

Fontana di Trevi (Trevi Fountain)

If you've seen La Dolce Vita by Fellini you'll recognize this spot easily. The fountain lies in a small piazza off Via del Tritone. It was designed by Nicola Silva. Legend goes that by throwing a coin in the fountain you can secure your return to Rome (we didn't do it, but I still have hopes to return). We went there in the afternoon; we were not looking for the fountain, just wandering the streets and ended up here. It was extremely crowded, almost imposible to get near the fountain. I don't know which hour is better, my guess is that it is crowded all the time. Maybe early morning will be a better time if you wish to avoid the crowds.Many people throw the coins on to the water and then makes wishes. It is one of the good examokes of Baroque style.
Basilica di San Pietro (St. Peter Basilica)

This must be the world's most imposing church. At least for me it is. I've never seen a church of such colossal dimensions. It's simply huge and impressive. The present church dates from the 15th century when it was decided to replace the earlier St. Peter church. The rebuilding lasted until the 17th century. Among the artists that worked on the design of the new basilica are Bramante and Michelangelo. Inside the church, near the entrance is Michelangelo's Pieta which is so beautiful; it's a pity that nowadays one has to see it from the distance (due to an incident in 1972). Also very impressive is Bernini's baldacchino that rises above the papal altar.

Colosseo (Colosseum)

Colossal construction located in the centre of Rome. It is the largest building constructed by Roman Empire and it is one of the most well-known architectural structures of Romans. This big structure is also called Flavian Amphitheatre.The most famous of ancient Rome's monuments, Colosseum was begun in AD 70 by emperor Vespasian and inaugurated in AD 80 by with a program of games and shows that lasted 100 days. The gladiator fights that took place in the arena were popular forms of entertainment with the Romans. You can find a few of their followers outside the Colosseum. They don't fight to their death anymore but rather pose for pictures. By the 15th century the Colosseum has become a quarry for building materials. In 1749 Benedict XIV declared it sacred in the memory of the many Christians that died here (although there is no historical data to support the belief that Christians were martyrized in the arena). Once it was declared sacred, its restauration began (and still continues).

Roman Forum (Foro Romano)

The Forum was the civic heart of the Republic of Rome. The area was once filled with temples and palaces. Today all these are ruins and you'll have to use all of your imagination to try to envision how it must have looked. Still, it's impressive if you think that most of the buildings were built between 500 BC to 400 AD. A friends of mine told me that this place calms him because all our worries seem small when you come here and realize how quickly the time flies. The Arch of Septimius Severus is one of the structures still standing. If you're interested in Roman history it's a good idea to have a good travel guide with you to be able to indentify the ruins.
Piazza del Popolo

This is one of the most beautiful piazzas in Rome and the effect of the twin churches is amazing. My guide mentioned that the two baroque churches of Santa Maria dei Miracoli and Santa Maria in Montesanto are not exactly alike, but they do look alike on a first sight and the impression one gets is of something unforgettable. The piazza was created by Latino Giovenale Manetti in 1538 for Pope Paul III and the twin churches were added in the 17th century. The present symmetry was given by the neoclassical architect Giuseppe Valadier in the early 1800's. In the middle of the square lies a 3000 years old obelisk framed by four small fountains with lions. The piazza is closed to automotive traffic so you can stroll at your own pace and enjoy the sights.

Trajan's Column (Colonna di Traiano)

Romanian tourists in Rome (like me) flock to this monument which is part of the Romanian national pride. Also, when I came back from Rome this was the monument all my Romanian friends asked about. Did you see it? Were you able to see the Dacians on the column? The reason is that Trajan's column was built to commemorate his military campaigns in Dacia (which is now Romania). It's true Trajan won and conquered Dacia but hey, our ancestors can still be seen today, almost 2000 years later, on this column in the center of Rome. The column is a beautiful piece of Roman sculptural art; around the column winds a spiral frieze with over 2500 figures in relief illustrating the battles that took place during Trajan's military campaigns in Dacia (101-102 and 105-106). At the top the statue of Saint Peter replaced in 1588 a statue of Trajan. The ashes of the emperor and his wife were places in a golden urn in a vault below the column. The column stands in what was once Foro di Traiano (Forum of Trajan) with a huge semicircular market building.

Piazza Navona

Piazza Navona was built over the site of the 1st century Stadium of Domitian and still preserves the elliptical form of the Roman circus. Medieval jousts, 17-century carnivals, open-air sports and historic festivals took place here; the piazza was also used as market place from mid 15th century to mid 19th century. Today this place attracts tourists and Romans alike, and the cafes and restaurants lining the piazza have tables outside most of the year. Three beautiful fountains decorate the piazza out of which the most famous is the central Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (The Fountain of the Four Rivers) by Bernini. Behind this fountain is the church Sant'Agnese in Agone a remarkable example of Baroque architecture.

Castel Sant'Angelo and the Bridge of Angels

This fortress which stood at the entrance to Vatican for centuries was begun by Hadrian around 128 as a mausoleum for him and his family. The mausoleum was finished in 139 and Hadrian and many succeeding emperors were buried here. By the 6th century the building was gradually transformed into a castle and it was used to protect the popes for nearly 1000 years. According to legend the name of the castle was given during the plague of 590 when Pope Gregory the Great who was passing nearby had a vision of an angel sheathing his sword atop the stone walls. In front of the castle stands Ponte Sant'Angelo (Bridge of Angels) which was built by Hadrian as a suitable approach to his mausoleum. The bridge was transformed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini who designed the ten.

If you all want all about Rome you can click HERE


Monday, March 15, 2010

Human Resource Management Increasingly Important

Is there any evidence that implementation of HRM has a significant effect on national or organization economic performance? After all, this is the justification implicit in HRM models for valuing the human resource above all others. When the first edition of this book was written the conclusion was that we simply did not know...

Since then, progress has been made in conceptualizing the problem and measuring results. For example, Huang (2000) looked at 315 firms in Taiwan and related their human resource practices to their organizational performance. Huang's study shows a significant relationship between performance and the effectiveness of their HR functions, including planning, staffing, appraisal, compensation, and training and development.Michie and Sheehan-Quinn (2001) surveyed over 200 manufacturing firms in the UK to investigate the relationship between corporate performance and the use of flexible work practices, human resource systems and industrial relations. They found that 'low-road' practices - including shortterm contracts, lack of employer commitment to job security, low levels of training and unsophisticated human resource practices - were negatively correlated with corporate performance. In contrast, they established a positive correlation between good corporate performance and 'high-road' work practices - 'high-commitment' organizations or 'transformed' workplaces.
They also found that HR practices are more likely to make a contribution to competitive success when introduced as a comprehensive package, or 'bundle' of practices. Kelliher and Riley (2002), highlighting evidence to support the view that the impact of HRM is greatest when it involves a set of coherent policies and practices, also consider that HR initiatives should be implemented as part of an integrated package. They instance functional flexibility, which leads to an intensification of work, but in the cases they studied this was less of an issue when supported by higher levels of remuneration.Michie and Sheehan (1999) used evidence from the UK 1990 Workplace Industrial Relations Survey to show that 'low-road' HRM practices also appeared to be negatively correlated with investment in R&D and new technology. By contrast, 'high-road' work practices were positively correlated with investment in R&D and new technology. Cooke, F.L. (2001) reviewed a number of British studies on the use of 'high-road' and 'low-road' HRM strategies and concludes that high-road HRM may lead to better organizational performance. But firms do not necessarily opt for this because of the historical, social and institutional context of employment relationships in Britain.Rondeau and Wager (2001) focused on the ability of certain 'progressive' or 'high performance' human resource management practices to enhance organizational effectiveness, noting growing evidence that the impact of various HRM practices on performance is contingent on a number of contextual factors, including workplace climate.
Greenwood (2002) reviewed the ethical position of HRM and concluded that even when judged by minimum standards, HRM is seriously lacking, not least because of a general disregard of stakeholder theory. Foote (2001) investigated the ethical behaviour of HR managers working in a sample of UK and Irish charities. The study highlights the ethical inconsistency between the application of strong, explicit organizational values to external clients and the limited influence of those values on HR strategies and practices within organizations. HR professionals no longer thought that the HRM function should be the conscience of the organization, but felt that they had a significant role in the provision of advice on ethical action to senior management.
What do people 'at the coal face' feel about the prevalence and effectiveness of human resource management? Gibb (2001) describes a survey of the views of 2632 employees on HRM in the 73 organizations for which they worked. In this study employees were found to be positive about some elements of HRM, including training and development, rewards and levels of personal motivation. They also gave high ratings for the performance of HR staff across a range of services. But the survey found negative employee views on the management of staffing levels, aspects of recruitment and retention, communication and overall levels of morale in their organizations.
This articles I get from

Why We Cry

According to sociologists,the 10 top tear-triggers are sadness, grief, loneliness, happiness, fear,pain, anger,sexual joy, laughter and hormonal imbalance. Studies have shown that a large percentage of women cry spontaneously three to five days before menstruation because of an imbalance between their o estrogen and progesterone levels.
Sometimes the trigger for crying is more obvious like a tense day at work or a difficult situation with a friend or guy that has been going on for a while. At other times, a bout a sobbing will be prompted by some past incident that you experienced which has left a residue a grief that was never fully resolved.
"If a hurtful memory is suddenly triggered by something in the present, crying about it can sometimes be more cathartic than talking."points out Gill Davidson. "It allows you to physically and emotionally release the memory so that you can let it go and then focus more effectively."

Why Do You Cry
The "why"of crying may seem obvious and straightforward: You're happy or sad. But that"s too simplistic.
"Crying is a natural emotional response to certain feelings, usually sadness and hurt.But then people also cry under other circumstances and occasions,"says Stephen Sider off.
For instance, he says,"people cry in response to something of beauty. There, i use the word "melting".They are letting go of their defenses, tapping into a place deep inside themselves."
Crying may have a biochemical purpose.It's believed to release stress hormones or toxins from the body, says Lauren Bylsma.
Crying also has a purely social function. It often win support from those who watch you cry.

Trying Not to Cry

Sometimes, it's just not cool to let the tear flow that you are trying to put up a brave face while accompanying a loved one to a medical treatment, for instance. Or your boss has just told you your hours will be cut in half.

  • Try to postpone the cry but don't cancel it altogether.Suppression isn't good

  • Excuse yourself, find an appropriate place. and cry.
  • If you can't leave the situation, postpone the cry and stem the tears with a positive distraction.It would depend on the person and the situation, but she suggests watching a funny video. If you're in the middle of a doctor's office, you might grab a magazine and read.

This articles you can refer from this web to get more information..


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